Wheat is the largest grain crop grown in Canada. PEI has the largest wheat production in Atlantic Canada with approximately 41,000 tonnes from approximately 21,500 acres. Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain that is the most important staple food for humans. 40% of the wheat planted in PEI is winter wheat which is planted as a cover crop in late August/September and harvested the following August. In this way, it helps to protect the soil over the winter and gets off to a quick start growing in the spring. Wheat is primarily used to make flour for bread, pasta, pastries, and more, but can also be used as a livestock feed grain.